Less than a month into his presidency, Donald Trump and his associates seem to be doing everything they can do to undermine their own authority. Even so, their self-destructive impulses will not prevent them from doing real damage unless other powerful forces step forward to stop them.
Ultimately, all such resistance starts with the American people themselves. Unless there is evidence of sustained rejection of everything that Trump wants to accomplish, it will be far too easy for every decision maker to take the easy way out. It has rarely been more important to remind ourselves that there is strength in numbers.
At least in theory, we have plenty of institutions that are able to resist Trump’s would-be dictatorship, most of which have already sprung into action. At the federal level, all three branches of government provide levers of countervailing power to neutralize the White House. In addition, state and local governments can push back against Trump and move in different directions.
The press, the legal profession, and other private and public institutions (especially the universities) also possess important powers that–separately and together–can and must be used to prevent the nation’s fateful descent into tyranny.
Will it all be enough? The powers of the presidency are awesome, and there are plenty of people who would welcome what would amount to a Trump monarchy. Even at this early stage, it is useful to take a moment to assess where resistance to Trump is strongest and where it needs to be stepped up.
Aid and Comfort From Trump Himself: The Strange Gift of the Administration’s Venality and Incompetence
As I noted a moment ago, the still-new Trump Administration has been busily handing ammunition to its opponents on a daily, or even hourly, basis. Taking as little as a one-day break from reading the news can result in a sense of disorientation upon reentry, with an endless string of oh-my-god-is-this-really-happening moments that become old news within hours because of other outrages taking over the news cycle. It can feel almost impossible to catch up.
The biggest story to date has been the resignation of now-former National Security Advisor Michael Flynn. Because that debacle was part of a larger narrative having to do with Trump’s suspiciously close ties to Russia, this could be the beginning of something very big, perhaps even a “cancer on the presidency” that could end up being another Watergate.
As a political gift to his opponents, Trump’s mess of an administration cannot be overstated. Trump’s supporters might be willing to forgive almost everything that their dear leader does or says, and they might well follow his lead and believe that the problem is the leaks and not the wrongdoing (another Nixonian overtone).
Even so, Americans have a longstanding fear of Russia and everything associated with it. For example, in the immediate post-mortems following the November election, I wrote that the people who think that Bernie Sanders could have beaten Trump misunderstood how easy it would have been to red-bait Sanders by using his self-labeling as a “democratic socialist” against him.
Sanders is no communist, of course, but Republicans would have convinced millions of people that he is. In the American public’s mind, communism and socialism are the same thing, and it does not matter whether you add a nice word like democratic to the mix.
Vladimir Putin’s Russia is not communist, either. The same word-association game, however, can easily be brought into play. Communist, enemy, nuclear annihilation, traitor, un-American, Russia, Trump. And because most Republicans are standing with Trump (so far), they can be branded as fellow travelers.
For example, a colleague commented to me recently that Democrats now have the opportunity to tie every Republican initiative to Russian meddling. “You want to take away health care from millions of Americans? That’s just what we would expect from people who want to destabilize our country and help Putin!”
Maybe the Trump-era equivalent of red-baiting will be called orange-baiting, turning everything into a test of American patriotism by impugning the motives of those who can be described as giving Trump and Putin what they want.
Resistance in the Executive Branch
During the post-election transition period, I argued that the federal bureaucracy could be a bulwark for freedom. Federal workers are not only mission driven–having chosen careers as civil servants out of a sense of public duty (given the reality that they will never get rich as government employees)–but they are also deeply committed to following proper procedures.
This means that attempts by Trump or his political minions to trample the rule of law will come up against The Bureaucracy. In the popular imagination, the label bureaucrat is typically applied to someone who is making life needlessly difficult. In Trump’s world, we should be happy to see bureaucrats–that is, people who are committed to public service–making the lives of Trump’s true believers as difficult as possible.
After all, Trump’s first few weeks have been marked by his efforts to force changes in the way that the government issues, interprets, and enforces rules. Would-be dictators want to be able to snap their fingers and change everything. Federal employees know that the existing rules came into existence as a result of extensive deliberation, which means that casually tossing them aside risks creating all kinds of unintended consequences.
Not surprisingly, there have been reports in recent weeks of efforts by federal employees to resist Trump and his appointees’ efforts to undermine the rule of law. Both The Washington Post and The New York Times, for example, have interviewed federal employees who have been trying to figure out how to respond to the unprecedented dangers of the new regime.
There are obvious limits to this strategy, however. First, no matter how much federal workers believe in the “Stay in your lane!” rule–that is, the norm by which federal employees with responsibility for one area of law or policy do not interfere with people who work in other areas–there is a limit to how much a person can resist, as well as whom they can resist.
The outstanding example of this phenomenon continues to be former Vice President Dick Cheney’s successful pressure on intelligence analysts to give him the answers that he wanted in order to justify the Iraq War. When someone shameless enough and far enough up the food chain gets involved, civil servants are easily swept aside.
Second, federal employees know that there are strict limits on their activities that might be construed as political activity, and they also reasonably fear termination proceedings under contrived accusations of insubordination and similar pretexts. The Post and Times articles linked above describe in some detail how federal workers are engaging in crash courses to determine the limits of their ability to say no.
Third, the rules under which the federal bureaucracy works can be changed. Even though it is not as easy to change those rules as Trump evidently thinks it is, the executive branch ultimately exists to carry out the will of Congress as expressed in duly enacted laws.
Therefore, if Congress decides to change the law, there is nothing that executive-agency workers can do. If, for example, Energy Secretary Rick Perry convinces his Republican friends in Congress finally to eliminate his department (whether or not he can remember its name), then there will be no more Energy Department.
It is true that most of what the Energy Department does is so essential that its duties would simply migrate to other departments. In fact, that is true of essentially all federal agencies. After all, when the Department of Homeland Security was created after the 9/11 attacks, it was not necessary to hire many new workers, because existing agencies and offices were simply moved from other departments. It would work the same in reverse.
More substantively, Congress can also change the laws that govern what executive bureaucrats do. Federal food safety inspectors cannot continue to do what they do if Congress decides that the magic of the free market will prevent tainted food from poisoning our citizens. (But that would also present another opportunity for Democrats to accuse Republicans of undermining America, allowing Russia-loving saboteurs to “sap and impurify all of our precious bodily fluids.”)
Changing the laws governing the employment protections of federal workers would also allow Trump to get his way. Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, who has suggested the creation of a new Un-American Activities Committee to intimidate dissent in Trump’s America, recently said that Trump “may have to clean out the Justice Department because there are so many left-wingers there. State is even worse.”
Of course, what Gingrich describes as left-wing activity is in fact the efforts of people to carry out the law in good faith, but even so his fellow Republicans ultimately have the power to make it easier to fire federal employees. Civil service protections–which protect Republican-leaning workers in Democratic administrations, too–are a creation of federal law, which Republicans can change.
If Republicans want to return to pure patronage in federal employment, they have the votes to make it happen. And they just might be shameless enough to do it. Unless and until they do so, however, the federal executive workforce will continue to be an important countervailing force against Trump’s lawlessness.
Resistance in the Judicial Branch
Any executive-level victories for the voices of reason are likely to be quiet, because the federal workers who insist on obeying the law will be preventing bad things from happening (unless Trump decides to make a public spectacle of it, which is always a possibility), rather than doing something newsworthy. It will be difficult to acknowledge, or even to know about, these acts of courage.
By contrast, the most high-profile showdown of the Trump era to date has played out in the courts. Federal judges who were placed on the bench by both Democratic and Republican presidents have fulfilled their constitutional role by reminding the president that his powers are limited.
The courts are likely to be the most effective avenue by which state and local governments, as well as the press and the professions, will thwart Trump’s efforts. Indeed, the Ninth Circuit’s decision regarding Trump’s anti-Muslim immigration ban was the result of a challenge that was brought by two state governments.
This is one of the reasons that I am proud to be a member of the legal community. The courts were created to prevent the raw exercise of power. If all we wanted was for the stronger party to win every dispute, after all, we would not need courts. The strong can dominate the weak, by definition.
That does not mean that the weaker party will win every case, of course. Why would it? But the courts exist to make it possible for reason to win against muscle, for right to defeat might.
And that is precisely what happened when Trump tried to impose a hateful (and legally embarrassing) executive order on people who have already proved (through extensive vetting) that they will be good Americans.
Again, however, the power of the courts to oppose Trump is hardly absolute. Courts have limited time and resources, and it is virtually impossible to stop everything that Trump’s people will attempt to do as they turn his tweeted whims into executive actions.
Moreover, Trump and the Republicans will have the opportunity to appoint friendly judges to the courts, to join those who currently stand ready to side with Trump over the Constitution. Trump, if he stays in office for even one term, will have the opportunity to appoint hundreds of judges.
Even when Trump loses in court, there are two ways in which his people can respond. One is simply for Trump to act like a tyrant and ignore the courts, claiming executive power to do whatever he wants to do. We should not be surprised if he does exactly that, and it will be important to resist.
The subtler approach is to interpret every legal ruling as narrowly as possible, for example by saying that a ruling applies only to the named plaintiffs in a case and carries no precedential value.
The courts will be essential in resisting Trump, therefore, but they might not be enough.
Resistance in the Legislative Branch?
In some ways, this column amounts to a statement of hope. Between the federal workforce and the courts (through which others can take action), current law and the U.S. Constitution provide powerful means by which the large majority of Americans who never voted for Trump can prevent him from crowning himself the new emperor.
Notably missing from this analysis, however, is the other branch of government. Faced with an existential threat to the nation’s existence, we really need all hands on deck. Congress must step up.
So far, that is not happening. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said recently that he is perfectly happy with what Trump is doing, blandly (if a bit defensively) describing Trump’s actions as “right-of-center things that we would have hoped a new Republican president would have done.”
In short, Republicans are thus far willing to pretend that Trump’s administration is not in utter chaos because they have figured out that he will back them on policy. As I wrote recently, Trump has essentially become no different from Mike Pence and Paul Ryan on policy, but he is more dangerous because of his unabashed autocratic tendencies.
There are some recent rumblings that might provide some hope. John McCain, who has thus far been happy to rubberstamp even Trump’s most unqualified cabinet nominees, is going to hold hearings about Russia’s influence on Trump and his people. That might create a crack in the Republicans’ solidarity.
In the end, it might be possible that Trump’s own extreme flaws, combined with resistance by the people through the courts and conscientious resistance in the executive branch, will prevent him from doing his worst.
On the other hand, it might actually be the case that even an aggressive change of attitude by Republicans in Congress will not be enough to stop him. But it is unquestionably true that a continuation of the current pliant attitude from the Republican majority will make it a lot easier for Trump to get away with what he wants.
Either way, the rest of the country must continue to resist, but it would be helpful if at least some Republicans decided to put country above blind ideology and cult-like loyalty to a dangerous demagogue.
What a poorly written, and frankly deranged and dangerous, article, full of liberal talking points and virtually void of any facts! Imagine the outcry if anyone had written something like this about Barack Obama, given his over-reaching executive orders and the dangerous demagoguery of Mr. Obama by liberals and the mainstream media which led to so many problems that America currently faces. Also, how can Mr. Trump’s administration be in “utter chaos” less than four weeks into it, and when the Democrats, the party of No, have obstructed his cabinet appointments more than any other president’s in the history of the United States?? As for Mr. Putin, I wonder if Mr. Buchanan believes that FDR’s cozying up to mass-murder Joseph Stalin was reprehensible? It was a means to an end, defeating another mass-murderer who was trying to take over the world. Mr. Trump has indicated a desire to attempt to work with Russia to defeat mass murdering ISIS, and he has expressed concern that Putin cannot be trusted carte blanche, but that doesn’t fit the uber-liberal talking points. Mr. Buchanan’s feint attempt at facts falls flat on its face: the Iraq War was not based on what Vice President Cheney was able to drum up, but intelligence gathered by the Clinton Administration (a Democrat, in case Mr. Buchanan is unaware). Another failed attempt to dip into facts: Mr. Trump’s temporary ban on travel from seven states is not a “Muslim ban”, it targets seven nations that the Obama Administration (another Democrat, Mr. Buchanan) identified as the nations with the most terrorists and the worst restrictions on terrorists (Mr. Buchanan is obviously in the dangerous camp that wants America to revert to a pre-9/11 mentality and face another devastating attack with thousands killed). Further, the Ninth Circuit did not even mention, in its long decision that too often went off topic, the clear legal authority for the temporary travel ban: 8 U.S.C. 1182(f). It is shocking that Mr. Buchanan states that the exercise of this authority is “legally embarrassing.” He apparently favors lawlessness. I suggest that Mr. Buchanan read the statute and the authority that it gives the President, it seems that he has not. In addition, no, Mr. Buchanan, no one has suggested that food inspectors discontinue their inspections. You need to relax. And yes, Mr. Buchanan, there are liberals in government jobs, paid by the taxpayers, who are leaking information, which apparently unbeknownst to you, is criminal. And Mr. Buchanan even advocates lawlessness in the Executive branch; employees of the Executive branch work at the direction of the President, not hard-core, unelected political partisans such as Mr. Buchanan! Wow! Ultra-liberal Mr. Buchanan obviously suffers from TDS – Trump Derangement Syndrome. I suggest that he: 1) take a deep breath; 2) take a day or two to relax; and 3) read the U.S. Constitution. Cooperation, not blind, ignorant resistance to political views that you do not agree with, is what has made this country as great as it is.
What? Everybody agreed during the Obama administration that federal civil servants should follow the law and that court rulings impact what he can do. Trump doesn’t seem to share this view, though.
Just as beauty is in the eye of the beholder, so is political perspective. Returning the choice of health care to the people and removing the dictate of buying a service or product somehow seems less dictatorial than telling people how, when, where and from whom they will get health care or just die. Not only that they must buy health insurance the type of coverage they must buy. I don’t get the whole Russian thing. George W. was too tough on Russia and there was the reset. Now Trump is too soft. But Obama unilaterally reduced our nuclear stockpile while selling strategic assets to Russia. What exactly is the Democrats stance other than Putin stole the election for Trump and America had nothing to do with the Ukranian uprising that forced a democratically elected pro Russian government out of power?
Perhaps he is an agent for OFA (Organizing For Action), which is being reported as being very active and has of late been characterized and reported as: Now Democrats call Obama’s shadow government ‘The Devil’. This is meant to be a rift not only in the Trump Presidency but in America, behind it may be to continue to tear down all the is American.
Reading the posts following this article is proof positive that there are a group of ignorant, self-loathing people who fail to see the danger that exists within and around this White House. In the first 68 days more corruption, double-dealing, conflicts of interest, collusion with foreign governments, and lies have been exposed than all the Administrations since Nixon, and that includes the Reagan Administration’s Iran-Contra Affair. And while you’re at it, perhaps you can explain your reasons for supporting Trump after he called all Mexicans murderers, criminals and rapist; said a Judge born in Indiana of Mexican heritage could not be fair; has proposed to deport over 11 Million men, women and children with an armed deportation force; has proposed banning an entire religion from entering the US; has proposed using surveillance on Muslims in America; has accepted the support of White supremacists; has hired the leader of the Alt-Right White Nationalist media outlet Breitbart as his CEO; insulted the Kahn family whose son gave his life for this country; has abused and insulted women for decades; was sued for unfair housing practices against Blacks; has cheated his investors, vendors and employees though his half a dozen bankruptcies; has testified that Native Americans are cheating the states and been given privileges regarding casino ownership; and has been a record of serial and pathological lying by every media outlet that does fact checking, and all of that was before he was elected.
Since his election, he has not drained the swamp, he has turned into a toxic waste dump. The people who work has his closest advisors are totally without any experience in government, are admitted White Supremacists, all of ties to Russia, Putin and Russian oligarchs and banks. Even his sin-in-law has been caught colluding with a Russian Bank that has been placed on the US Sanctions List; Trump has to fire his National Security Advisor for lying and meeting with Russians; his Attorney general has lied about his meetings; Banker who bank; he has conflicts of interest that are so obvious, every expert on ethics in government has condemned the appointment of his daughter as a White House Advisor with security clearance; all of this is happening as the White House continues to lie and cover-up every relationship with Trump surrogates and his the Russians.
Putting that is perspective would be enough to condemn this Administration to the hell Hole it deserves less than 3 months in office, but now the total incompetence is being revealed. Their handling of the new Trumpcare was a fiasco beyond description. The White House operates like this is a remake of a Marx Brothers movie or a Three Stooges Comedy.
One last thought — I challenge you to list in detail every program Trump has proposed for the working poor and the Middle Class, and then justify every action he has taken since assuming office that has betrayed everything he promised during the campaign.
I would also like you to list ALL the laws and programs passed or proposed by conservatives in the last 100 years that were aimed at helping the poor, minorities, the Middle Class, women, and immigrants. Also, you might try to name all the conservative civil rights leaders in U.S. history.
I could go, but I believe you have enough to chew on in a useless attempt to justify your comments.